If you live in California, you live under the threat of an earthquake every day. Recently, there has been a rise in the number of earthquakes that have struck around the world.
These earthquakes have risen in severity and intensity as well. Occurrences such as these have made families realize that they need to prepare for a disaster such as this before it happens.
The countless stories of survival and destitution resulting after an earthquake add to this necessity. A little knowledge and preparation for an earthquake can make difference between surviving comfortably and struggling to fight off death.
The first thing you should learn to do is how to survive while the ground is moving. This means that you will need to find shelter as soon as you can and stay there.
Appropriate shelter would be getting under a strong desk or table. If neither or those are available, crouch down next to a strong, interior wall.
Anything that will protect you from falling objects and flying broken glass is a plus. Never choose to hide near a mirror, window, hanging objects, heavy furniture, heavy appliances or fire places.
These things are very dangerous and if something goes wrong, they could seriously injure you. It is critical that you act quickly when an earthquake strikes.
Seconds matter in this kind of a situation. Make sure you pass the information you learn on to your children as they may not be with you when disaster strikes.
Make sure they know what to do when an earthquake strikes, which rooms in the home are the safest, and how to avoid dangerous objects. It is likely that they will ask questions that you will need to find answers to, but this will provide you a wider base of knowledge.
The next thing you will want to do is make sure you have emergency kits put together. Each emergency kit should include food, water, a change of clothing, a radio, a first aid kit and other personal items.
The food you include in these kits should be non-perishable and packaged properly. Freeze dried food is an excellent option because it is light, easy to pack, easy to prepare, and delicious.
There are many different complete meals that you have to choose from in the freeze dried food section and many different companies that offer it. All you need to add to have a complete meal is water.
The general rule for how much water you should store is one gallon per person per day. This water will cover both cooking and hygiene needs.
After the earthquake, this may be the only food and water you have access to for several days. After you have packed these kits and stored them an easy to get to location, you will want to continue preparing your home to be safe during an emergency.
Start by going through your home and moving all heavy objects to be stored on lower shelves. All breakable objects should be stored behind doors that can latch.
In addition, you should not hang heavy pictures or mirrors above the locations where people generally sleep or sit. When an earthquake strikes, it is likely that someone will be in these locations.
After these objects are rearranged, you will want to make sure that all of the furniture is latched down. Attach all of the book cases to the wall so that they will not tip over during the earthquake.
In addition, you will want to store flammable liquids in locations far away from water heaters, stoves, furnaces and all other sources of heat or fire. Then, learn where your water turn-off valves are.
It is likely that your pipes may break during the earthquake. You will want to have the ability to turn off the water before it becomes a flood in an emergency.
You will also want to be able to turn off the gas and electricity if necessary. If you need any tools to do this, make sure that they are near-by the valves.
When the earthquake begins, stay indoors if you are already there. Quickly turn off the stove if you were cooking and then find shelter from flying objects.
If you are outdoors, you need to take the opposite plan of action and find an open area where there will be very few falling objects. Be wary of powerlines, trees, and buildings.
If you are driving, slow down and stop on the side of the road. Do not stop under or on a bridge or downed powerlines if you can avoid it.